Corns and callus are a condition where the patient experiences a growing of hard skin anywhere on the sole of your feet as well as toes. The podiatrists will be able to treat this condition and can painlessly remove the corns and callus. They can also advice you on basic care that will help to prevent this condition. Sometimes the patients face problems regarding the ingrown nails. Sometimes the nail reaches in such position that it becomes difficult to cut. This can become serious if left unattended. The podiatrists can help you by trimming your nails right way so that it cannot create any problems in future. Painful progressive flat foot is caused when the tendon on the bottom of the foot becomes inflamed, stretched or suffers a partial or total tear. If left untreated, this condition may lead to severe disability and chronic pain. Anti-inflammatory medication, ice, physical therapy and orthotic devices are common ways of treating flat foot. In some instances, surgery may be needed to repair the torn or damaged tendon and restore normal function. Fungal toenail infections are a common foot problem that can persist for years without causing pain. Nail fungus can often be recognized by a change in a toenail's color and can present serious problems if left untreated. The best way to deal with corns is to avoid the formation, and the best way to wear comfortable shoes simply by proper adjustment. Make sure the width of your shoes match the width of your feet, and the use of narrow-toed shoes to work together to crush the toes in a very irregular. One common misconception is that bunions are caused by wearing shoes that are too small, too tight or badly designed. This actually is not the case. While ill-fitting or uncomfortable shoes will definitely exacerbate the pain associated with a bunion, because they will put pressure on it, they will not cause one to form. The last misconception that I hear patients talk about is that foot surgery is extremely painful and even more painful than other types of surgery. The truth is that foot surgery is unique compared to surgery on other parts of the body because you have to walk on your foot postoperatively. This weight bearing and not elevating the part of the body does cause slightly increased pain and throbbing. There are surgical techniques that I employ in order to reduce the amount of pain postoperatively. The amount of pain that patients experience starts with how the surgeon handles the tissue during the surgery. Friction can cause the skin to become thick and hard. Over time these thick and hard areas of the skin will die and corns and calluses will begin to form. When the areas become cone shapes and begin to point into the skin, they are known as corns. Calluses are more diffuse than corns. However, both are caused by friction of the skin. You can treat a corn with over the counter moleskin pads and calluses will usually go away on their own once the friction is removed, such as a rubbing action of a shoe against a foot. Remember all those times when you have squeezed your feet into tight ill fitting high heels, bending your toes into abnormal positions. As a consequence, you end up with sore, blistered, thick skinned feet which rub against your shoes causing you pain with most likely every step you take. Several hundred tons of pressure is what your feet are put under every day from just walking. This adds up to a whole lot of pain. Changing something as simple as the type of shoe you wear could make all the difference. Basically the higher the heel, the worse it is for you. Symptoms of bunions include the common signs of inflammation such as redness,swelling, and pain. The discomfort is primarily located along the inside ofthe foot just behind the big toe. Because of friction, a callus may develop over the bunion. If an overlapping of the toes is allowed, additional rubbingand pain occurs. Inflammation of this area causes a decrease in motion with associated discomfort in the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal. If allowed to worsen, the skin over the bunion may break down causing an ulcer, which also presents a problem of potential infection. Proper toe nail care is also an important part of maintaining foot health. Regularly trimming nails prevents painful ingrown nails which may lead to infections. Professional pedicures performed in beauty salons are often added to weekly or monthly foot care regimens. Pedicures typically incorporate massage, nail care, and skin care at relatively inexpensive prices. For treatments at home, salon style tools and products can be purchased and used for regular foot care maintenance. Part of the prestigious Step by Step project developed by the World Diabetes Foundation, Dr. Deshmukh has been extensively trained in Germany and King’s College (London, UK) on prevention and foot care management.